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 Red Fort

Jama Masjid

India Gate Humayun's Tomb Jantar Mantar
Qutub Minar Lotus Temple Laxminarayan Temple Akshardham Temple ISKCON Temple

The Red Fort
The Red Fort, with a circumference of over 2.2 kilometers, was built by the banks of the river, Yamuna in the 17th century. The fort is a delight to one's imagination. Imagine the Naqqar Khana (Drum room) also called Naubat Khana (Welcome Room), where once drums loudly heralded the arrival of the emperor and the Diwan-e-Am (Hall of Public Audience) resounded with the incantations of the people. Amazing, isn't it?

There's more to see - Mumtaz Mahal, Rang Mahal (Palace of Colours), Khas Mahal (Emperor's Palace), Diwan-e Khas (Hall of Private Audience), the Hammam (bathing area) and Shah Burj. The fort has two main entrances - Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate. The latter get its name from the fact that it faces Lahore in Pakistan. A light and sound show recreates the history of Delhi and the Red Fort.

Timings

Summer timing : Hindi - 7 pm to 8 pm, English - 8 pm to 9 pm
Winter timing : Hindi - 6 pm to 7 pm, English - 7 pm to 8 pm
History

Emperor Shah Jehan constructed the most splendid monument, the Red Fort in 1638 A.D. This colossal built in red sandstone is the largest of the Old Delhi’s monuments and is also known as Lal Quila. Book a tour to Red Fort Delhi It is girdled by a stone wall of about 2.4 Kilometers in circumference, and varies in height from 18m on the river edge and 33m to the city corner. The fort essentially reverberates the grandeur of the Mughals era and leaves many a visitor in stupefaction and breathless. The Mughal King Shah Jahan shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi, started the construction of the fort in 1639 which was completed in 1648, nine years after the king shifted to this city. The fort can be accessed by the two main entrances, the Delhi Gate and the Lahori Gate that leads to Chandni Chowk once the shopping hub of royal family


Jama Masjid
Just like other structures of Shahjahanabad, Jama Masjid was also built with red sandstone. White marble has also been used extensively, specially in the three domes and has been inlaid with stripes of black. If you approach the mosque you discover a whole way of life, a microcosm of quintessential India in its shadow, on its steps, in the narrow streets criss-crossing, Meena Bazaar and its famous Urdu Bazzar. On the east, this monument faces the Red Fort (Lal Qila) and has three gateways, four towers and two minarets. Constructed of alternating vertical strips of red sandstone and white marble, the Jama Masjid is the largest and perhaps the most magnificent mosque in India. The sprawling esplanade, which separates it from the arterial road, is a fascinating leisure ground.

Main Imam - Jama Masjid

The main imam of this Jama Masjid is the direct descendent of the original and first Imam appointed by Emperor Shahjahan and till now there is no break in its descendency. People of other religions are not allowed in between 12-30-2-00pm. One is allowed to enter the mosque bare-footed, head covered and wearing lungi, - these are the norms visitors have to follow and are available on payment. For taking photographs one has to buy tickets first.

India Gate
India Gate, a majestic structure, 42 metres high, is set at the end of Rajpath, perhaps the most beautiful area of New Delhi with plush green lawns in the backdrop. It is a popular picnic spot during the winters and equally popular as a
relaxation area during the summer evenings.Designed and built by Lutyens, it was originally called All India War Memorial in memory of the 90,000 Indian soldiers who died in the campaigns of World War I, the North-West Frontier operations of the same time and the 1919 Afghan Fiasco.On the walls of the structure are inscribed the names of all the soldiers. An eternal flame called Amar Jawan Jyoti that runs on gas was lit in 1971 to honour the martyrs. During the night, it is intensely floodlit and the fountains nearby are lit up with coloured lights.Close by is the canopy which once became controversial and under whose red sandstone roof was the marble statue of King George V which has been shifted from there.


The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921 and was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was added much later, after India got its independence.


Humayun's Tomb
Humayun's tomb is a complex of buildings of Mughal architecture located in Nizamuddin East, New Delhi. It encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun as well as numerous others, including the Barber's Tomb. The complex is a World Heritage Site and the first example of this type of Mughal architecture in India. This style of mausoleum was the same that created the Taj Mahal in Agra.

The tomb of Humayun was built by the orders of Hamida Banu Begum, Humayun's widow starting in 1562. The architect of the edifice was reportedly Sayyed Muhammad ibn Mirak Ghiyathuddin and his father Mirak Ghiyathuddin who were brought in from Herat. It took 8 years to build and had a Chahr Bagh Garden style in its design.

Restoration work by the Archaeological Survey of India was completed in March 2003, enabling water to flow through the watercourses in the gardens once more.

Qutab Minar
The word 'Qutab Minar' means 'axis minaret'. The tower which dominates the countryside for miles around has five storeys, each marked by a projecting balcony. The tower was built in three stages. Qutab-ud-Din completed the first storey. Second, third and the fourth were completed by his successor and son-in -law, Illtutmish in 1230. The minar was first struck by lightening in AD 1368 and the fallen top storey was replaced by two storeys's, the fourth and the fifth in 1370 AD by Feroz Shah Tughlaq (AD 1351-88).

One of the most visited tourist destination of Delhi, Qutub Minar was built in 1199 by Qutub-ud-Din. The sultan's successor and son-in-law, Iltutmish, completed the construction. The purpose of building this beautiful tower is still not very clear.

It is believed by some that, it was built as a tower of victory to signify the beginning of the Muslim rule in India, while others say it served as a minaret to the nearby mosque and was used by the muezzins to call the faithful to prayer. Qutub Minar is 72.5 metres high and one need to climb 379 steps to reach the top.The diameter of the base is 14.3 metres while the top floor measures 2.7 metres.

Jantar Mantar
Delhi's Jantar Mantar is the first of the five observatories that he built with large masonary instruments. The observatory has the Samrat Yantra, a simple equal hour sun dial, the Ram yantra for reading altitudinal angles; Jai Prakash for ascertaining the position of the sun and other celestial bodies, and the Misra Yantra which is a combination of four scientific gadgets.

Jantar Mantar is not only a sundial of celestial bodies, but it also symbolizes the technological achievements under the Rajput kings and their endeavor to resolve the astronomical mysteries. The Jantar Mantar of Delhi is only one of the five observatories built by Maharaja Jai Singh II. The other four Jantar Mantar are located at Jaipur, Varanasi, Ujjain and Mathura. All of these were built as far back as AD 1724-1730. The period marked as the dark age of Indian history, pertaining to the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Delhi's Jantar Mantar is the first of the five observatories that Maharaja Jai Singh built with huge masonry instruments.

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